The Blaufränkisch is a thoroughly central European variety. This traditional Austrian variety is a cross between Blauer Zimmettraube and Weißer Heunisch. Blaufränkisch was previously widely-planted throughout the Habsburg Monachy, and is the most important variety in Mittelburgenland, called Blaufränkischland.
Origin: This variety was first documented in the 18th century in Austria. At that time, in what was then Germany, it had the name of Lemberger or Limberger, which was derived from the town of Limberg – today Maissau – in Niederösterreich. In Hungary known as Kékfrankos.
Parentage: This traditional Austrian variety was used as a crossing partner for Austrian new breeds like Zweifelt, Blauburger, Roesler and Rathay. Even breeding stations abroad used the variety for crossings.
Vineyard area: An autochthone variety, Blaufränkisch is found especially in the wine-growing regions of northern, middle and southern Burgenland as well as in eastern Niederösterreich.
Important ampelographic features:
Leaf: large; five lobes; coarse teeth
Grape cluster: large, conical and V-shaped; moderately compact; round blueish-black grapes